10 Iconic cultural heritage structures of India

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India is a country rich in history and diversity, home to some of the world’s best historical heritage structures. In its periphery, there are numerous monuments that have been part of the cultural heritage for a long- indicating their existence on a worldwide scale. Take a peek at these gorgeous buildings and great architecture and science!

Kailash Temple

Kailash temple is the world’s largest monolithic structure, situated at Ellora Caves which are 34 km away from Aurangabad. Carved out of a single piece of rock, this masterpiece has been made in such a way that it appears to be floating in thin air when viewed from far.

Kailash Temple - Cultural Heritage Structures Of India
Kailash Temple – Cultural Heritage Structures Of India

Dilwara Temples

A group of Jain temples located near Mount Abu in Rajasthan is considered one among the most remarkable specimens for Indian architecture and has been listed as UNESCO Heritage Sites. The five ancient stone temples were built by Vastapul Tejpal, minister of king Vir Singh Deo (who ruled between 1240 -1264 AD) during the reign of the Srimal dynasty in Gujarat. The construction of these temples continued for almost a century and was completed during the reign of Tejapala, the grandson of Vastapul Tejpal.

Sun Temple

Sun temple is one of the ancient Hindu temples in India and has been considered as a site of religious significance as per the Indian culture and faith. The sun-god Surya’s idol is installed in its sanctum sanctorum made up of sandstone with an impressive height of 20 feet. It was built by Maharaja Ganga Singh who ruled between 1884 and 1943. This shrine comes second to Konark Sun Temple in Odisha which was built during the 13th century AD.

Sun Temple - Cultural Heritage Structures Of India
Sun Temple – Cultural Heritage Structures Of India

Chittor Fort

Chittorgarh in Rajasthan is a historical site, home to several monuments built during the ancient and medieval history of India starting from the 7th century. This fort is around 2,000 years old and has been destroyed and reconstructed many times over the centuries. The impressive structure sheltering this gallery exhibits views of incredible antiquity with imposing buildings that have stood the test of time.

Akshardham Mandir

The Akshardham Mandir in Delhi was officially opened to the public on November 6th, 2005. It had been inaugurated by India’s late president Dr. Abdul Kalam and took around five years of time for it to be built according to ancient methods such as Vastu shastra and Pancharatra Shashtra (ancient Bharat scriptures).

The temple complex is located close to the 2010 Commonwealth Games village on River Yamuna’s banks, a location which Yogiji Maharaj chose while he was still alive because that area seemed conducive towards spirituality.

Akshardham Mandir - Cultural Heritage Structures Of India
Akshardham Mandir – Cultural Heritage Structures Of India


Situated near the coast of the Arabian Sea, Vijaydurg is a popular sea fort in Maharashtra which dates back to the 16th century AD. Spread across a 2 km area, it provides access to visitors through various trek routes. One can also visit forts like Sindhudurg and Kulang situated nearby.

Ajanta Caves

Made up of 29 caves with Buddhist figures, murals, and carvings, these groups of caves are located at Aurangabad district in Maharashtra which comes under the world heritage sites list since 1983. Well known for its fabulous paintings that have been preserved well over centuries- this site has an important place in history as it was built from 200 BC to 600 AD. Cave number 17 houses a stunning shrine with sculptures of Lord Buddha and Bodhisattvas.

Ajanta Caves - Cultural Heritage Structures Of India
Ajanta Caves – Cultural Heritage Structures Of India

Statue of Unity

It is the world’s highest statue that stands at a staggering height of 182 meters. This impressive statue has been dedicated to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, an important figure in India’s history. It was inaugurated on October 31st, 2018 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi who paid tribute to this great leader.

Thanjavur Palace 

A palace situated in Tamil Nadu that belongs to the Nayak Dynasty which ruled from 16th to 18th centuries is a perfect example of architectural excellence. The impressive structure with beautiful paintings and carvings was built by King Vijayaraghava Nayaka who reigned between 1634 -1674 AD. A blend of traditional Dravidian, Hindu, Islamic, Rajput, and European styles can be observed in this amazing structure.

Thanjavur Palace - Cultural Heritage Structures Of India
Thanjavur Palace – Cultural Heritage Structures Of India

Rang Ghar

Rang Ghar was the amphitheater that was built by King Pratap Singh in the year 1784 at Srinagar. It is known for its historic significance- this structure set an example demonstrating the possibilities of what can be achieved when nature is blended with engineering and architecture. A beautiful pavilion located nearby once used to seat royal ladies during special occasions like theatrical performances, dances, and other entertainment programs.

We all would like to visit these historical places at least once in our lifetime. It is everyone’s dream to visit India and see the landmark places for themselves. If you have a chance, why don’t you? There are many monuments that exist across the country- some magnificent and others not so much. Most of them are UNESCO world heritage sites which means they are important from both cultural and archaeological perspectives.

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