9/11 Attacks: Facts, Background & Economic Impact

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On September 11, 2001, 19 militants associated with the radical Islamist group Al-Qaeda hijacked four aircraft and carried out terrorist attacks against targets in the United States. Two planes crashed into the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York. , a third plane crashed into the Pentagon near Washington, and a fourth plane crashed in a field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania. As a result of the terrorist attacks on September 11, about 3,000 people died.

flight-93-9-11 attack
flight-93-9-11 attack

World Trade Center

September 11, 2001, at 8:45 am. On a clear Tuesday morning, an American Airlines Boeing 767, loaded with 20,000 gallons of jet fuel, crashed into the north tower of the World Trade Center in New York. , a fire pit near the 80th floor of a 110-story skyscraper, instantly killing hundreds and locking hundreds more on the upper floors. While the tower and its twin towers were being evacuated, television cameras broadcast live images of what at first appeared to be a phenomenon. emerged from the sky, veered towards the World Trade Center, and crashed into the south tower near the 60th floor, a massive explosion that threw burning debris onto the surrounding buildings and streets below. It was immediately clear that the United States was under attack.

series-of-photos-of-hijacked-airliner-attacking-world-trade-center-2
series-of-photos-of-hijacked-airliner-attacking-world-trade-center-2

Osama bin Laden

The hijackers were the Islamic terrorists from Saudi Arabia and a number of other Arab countries, who are believed to be sponsored by Osama bin Laden’s al-Qaeda terrorist organization, funded by Saudi Arabia, and allegedly acted in revenge for US support for Israel, participation in the Gulf War. Persia and its continuing military presence in the Middle East. Some terrorists have lived in the United States for over a year and have learned to fly at American commercial flight schools. Others entered the country several months before 9/11 and acted as 19 terrorists who easily carried knives and knives through security at three airports on the east coast and boarding four flights. terrorists took off early in the morning for California, chosen because the planes were fully fueled for a long intercontinental flight. The terrorists hijacked all four planes and hijacked them, turning ordinary passenger planes into guided missiles.

Pentagon Attack

Millions of people watched the unfolding events in New York, and American Airlines Flight 77 flew over downtown Washington, DC, and at 21:45 fell on the western part of the Pentagon’s military headquarters. This led to the partial collapse of the structure of the giant concrete building that houses the US Department of Defense. In total, 125 soldiers and civilians died at the Pentagon, as well as 64 people on the plane.

september-9-11-pentagon
september-9-11-pentagon

Twin Towers Collapse

Less than 15 minutes after terrorists attacked the nerve center of the US Army, the terror in New York turned into a disaster when the South Tower of the World Trade Center collapsed in a huge cloud of smoke. Built to withstand winds of over 200 miles per hour and typical large fires, a skyscraper cannot withstand the immense heat generated by burning jet fuel. At 10:30 am, the north building of the Twin Towers collapsed. Those who were in the towers of the World Trade Center when it collapsed survived. About 10,000 people were injured, many of which were serious.

twin-tower-september-9-11
twin-tower-september-9-11

Loss in the 9/11 Attacks

The 9/11 attacks killed 2,996 people, including 19 hijackers on four planes. Citizens of 78 countries have died in New York, Washington, and Pennsylvania. At the World Trade Center, 2,763 people later died. Two planes crashed into the twin towers. That number includes 343 firefighters and paramedics, 23 NYPD officers, and 37 Port Authority officers who are fighting to complete the evacuation of buildings and rescue trapped office workers on the upper floors. The Pentagon killed 189 people, including 64 aboard American Airlines Flight 77, which crashed into the building. Flight 93 killed 44 people in a plane crash in Pennsylvania.

America Responded to the Attacks

At 7:00 pm Moscow time, President George W. Bush, who was in Florida during the attacks and spent the entire day flying around the country for security reasons, returned to the White House. A televised address from the Oval Office said: “Terrorist attacks can shake the foundations of our greatest buildings, but they cannot touch the foundations of America.” The letter U reads: “We will not distinguish between the terrorists who carried out these attacks. Actions and those who harbor them. The enduring Operation Liberty, a US-led international effort to overthrow the Taliban in Afghanistan and destroy Osama bin Laden’s terrorist network, starting October 7.

Economic Impact of 9/11 Attack

The 9/11 attacks had an immediate negative impact on the US economy. Many Wall Street institutions, including the New York Stock Exchange, were evacuated during the attacks. On the first day of trading after the attacks, the market fell 7.1%. or 684 points. The New York economy lost 143,000 jobs a month and $ 2.8 billion in wages in the first three months. The biggest losses are financial and air travel, which accounts for 60% of job losses. Damage to the center was $ 60 billion, and the cost of clearing the rubble at Ground Zero was $ 750 million.

9/11 Anniversary

On December 18, 2001, the National Assembly approved the proclamation of September 11 as Patriot Day to mark the date of the September 11 attacks. In 2009, the National Assembly set the date for September 11th. 9 – National Day of Service and Remembrance. immediately after the attacks, with candlelight vigils and flower tributes at US embassies around the world. In the UK, Queen Elizabeth sang the American anthem during the changing of the guard at Buckingham Palace. Rio de Janeiro puts up billboards introducing the city.

usa-washington-dc-us-flags-fly-at-half-mast-after-911
usa-washington-dc-us-flags-fly-at-half-mast-after-9/11

The statue of Christ the Redeemer frames the New York City skyline. On the anniversary of the first attack on New York in 2002, two columns of bright light shot up into the sky from where the Twin Towers once stood. It later became an annual installation of the Art Society of New York. On a clear night, the rays are visible over 60 miles away. A competition was held for the opening of the World Trade Center to select a permanent monument to the victims of 9/11.

Sources

“Study Confirms 9/11 Impact on New York City Economy.” The New York Times
“September 11: nearly 10,000 people affected by ‘cesspool of cancer.'” The Guardian.
“Congress passes 9/11 Victim Compensation Fund extension championed by Jon Stewart.” CNN.com
The Encyclopedia of 9/11. New York Magazine.

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