Indian Constitution Day 2021: All you need to Know

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The Indian Constitution Day, also known as Samvidhan Diwas, is observed on November 26 every year. The day is also referred to as National Law Day in some circles. The day is observed in India to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution.

Formal adoption of the Constitution of India, which took effect on January 26, 1950, took place on this day in 1949 by the Indian Constituent Assembly (Constituent Assembly).

India Today reported that the day, which was previously known as Law Day, commemorates the pledge of Purna Swaraj, which was passed during the Lahore session of the Congress in 1930 and is now known as Law Day.

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A brief history of ICD (Indian Constitution Day)

While the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India on November 26, 1950, which came into effect the following year, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment announced on November 19, 2015, that the Government of India had decided to observe November 26 as ‘Constitution Day.’

The day is observed to raise awareness of constitutional values among citizens.

According to a report on Scroll.in, the two months that elapsed between the adoption of the Constitution and its implementation were used for the reading and translation of the document from English to Hindi.

It took two years, 11 months, and 18 days for the Constituent Assembly to finally adopt the Constitution, which they did in 166 days over two years, 11 months, and 18 days.

It was signed by the members of the Constituent Assembly on January 24, 1950, and became law two days later on January 25, 1950, when it was officially adopted by the nation’s legislature.

What is the significance of November 26th being observed as Constitution Day?

It was announced in May 2015 that the 26th of November would be observed as Constitution Day in order to promote “constitutional values among citizens.” This year marked the 125th anniversary of the birth of B R Ambedkar, the Chairman of the Constitutional Drafting Committee, who was born in the year 1892.

Others who served on the committee included Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel, and Shayama Prasad Mukherjee, to name a few. The central government’s decision was interpreted as a move to claim Ambedkar’s legacy in an effort to reach out to the Dalit community, as reported by the media.

Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar
Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar

As a result of this decision, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment embarked on a series of initiatives to promote Ambedkar’s ideas and philosophy, which culminated in the establishment of the Ambedkar International Centre on Janpath at a cost of more than Rs 197 billion.

What is the preamble of the Indian constitution?

Indian Constitution
Indian Constitution

“WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:

JUSTICE, social, economic, and political;

LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith, and worship;

EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;

and to promote among them all

FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;

IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.”

A bit about Indian Constitution

The Constitution of India declares India to be a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic, which ensures the justice, equality, and liberty of its citizens, and which strives to promote fraternity among its people. 

The 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, passed in 1976, amended the preamble by inserting the words Socialist, Secular, and Integrity.

Indian Constitution outlines the fundamental political code, organizational structure, procedures, powers, and responsibilities of the various government agencies. It also provides an explanation of fundamental rights, directive principles, and the responsibilities of individuals. 

India’s constitution is the world’s longest written constitution, having been written for more than a thousand years. The Constitution was completed in 2 years, 11 months, and 17 days, according to current estimates.

Constitution Day in India is celebrated on November 26 to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India, which was adopted on November 26, 1950.

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