National Nutrition Week 2021: History, Significance, and Statistics

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A well-balanced diet is essential for excellent health and fitness. So, to make the public conscious of nutrition and its significance in our lives and control malnutrition, National Nutrition Week is observed each year from 1st September to 7th September. Let us understand more in detail.

National Nutrition Week
National Nutrition Week

National Nutrition Week History

National Nutrition Week was started in March 1973 by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (previously- American Dietetic Association) to provide the nutrition education message to the people while supporting dietetics.

In 1980 the citizens responded incredibly, and the weeklong observance extended to become a month-long celebration.

In 1982 National Nutrition week observance was begun by the Indian Central Government. They started the campaign to raise awareness and inspire people to know the significance of nutrition and live a healthy, sustainable lifestyle.

National Nutrition Week 1

We all know that malnutrition is one of the significant challenges in the overall development of the nation, which is crucial to reduce and control it.

What is Malnutrition?

Malnutrition is a natural state of varying nutrition levels. It can be because of overnutrition or undernutrition.

Do you know that undernutrition can be generated due to a deficiency of protein, calories, or other nutrients?

On the other hand, overnutrition is consuming too many calories. Maybe they are not consuming nutritious food like vegetables, whole grains, proteins, fruits, etc., resulting in mineral, vitamin, or protein deficiencies.

Malnutrition, particularly in young kids, can cause stunted growth, developmental barriers, and illness due to weak immune function. Everyone must diagnose malnutrition on time.

Importance of Nutrition

Importance of Nutrition Week
Importance of Nutrition Week

Food offers our body energy, vitamins, protein, minerals, and necessary fats to live, develop, and function accurately. It is stated that an invalid diet raises the odds of many diet-related diseases.

Healthy nutrition is essential because

– Helps to manage a healthy weight.

– Provide energy.

– Maintains the immune system.

– Reduces the risk of chronic diseases.

– Delays the effect of Ageing.

– A healthy diet improves lifespan.

– Healthy eating also changes your mood positively.

– Also, a healthy diet boosts concentration.

Do you know that the human body needs 7 significant kinds of nutrients? All the nutrients don’t give energy but still are essential, like fiber and water. Even micronutrients are also crucial but are needed in modest quantities.

How Is It Celebrated?

How to Celebrate National Nutrition Week
How to Celebrate National Nutrition Week

The 43 CFNEUs (Community Food and Nutrition Extension Units) are established by the board of Food and Nutrition in four country regions.

The day is regarded with a unique theme wherein workshops, awareness generation camps, orientation training of field functionaries, and community gatherings are planned throughout the week.

CFNEUs host workshops, films, lectures, exhibitions, and Voluntary organizations. Through programs, CFNEUs concentrates on health and nutrition, including the significance of immunization, breastfeeding, and conservation of nutrients during food preparation.

India’s Nutritional Statistics

India's Nutritional Statistics
India’s Nutritional Statistics

For the growth of any country, it must raise the nutritional status of its residents.

The Poshan Abhiyaan 2018 to 22 aims to lessen child undernutrition (underweight and stunting) and under birth weight by 2 percent a year and build a mass campaign for great nutrition in the nation.

But when we examine the nutritional state of India in NFHS-4 (National Family Health Survey) (2015-2016), the percentage of kids (6-59 months) who are weak has fallen from 69.5 percent to 58.6 percent.

The level of kids below five years who are seriously wasted (low weight for height) has risen from 6.5 percent to 7.5 percent, and youth stunting (low height for age) has declined from 48 percent to 38.3 percent.

Furthermore, as per GHI (Global Hunger Index), India has been ranked 102 among the 117 nations. India’s bordering countries Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal have secured a better rank than India. While Pakistan is at 94, Bangladesh and Nepal are at 88 and 73, respectively.

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