National Pollution Control Day: Significance, Facts, And Preventive Methods

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National Pollution Control Day: Environmental pollution impacts the quality of life, directly and indirectly, more than you can think. All this is primarily caused by human actions, which damage the atmosphere in more than one way.

National Pollution Control Day
National Pollution Control Day

Today, pollution restriction is a primary worldwide concern because every species is allowed to have fresh air to inhale, pure water to drink and savor public lands.

So, each year National Pollution Control Day is celebrated to raise awareness on maintaining and preventing industrial hazards and to stop the pollution caused by industrial activities or human carelessness.

National Pollution Control Day: Date

Bhopal Gas tragedy
Bhopal Gas tragedy

2nd December is celebrated as National Pollution Control Day annually. The day is marked to commemorate people’s lives lost in the Bhopal Gas tragedy on 2nd and 3rd December 1984.

Countless people lost their lives due to the toxic gas Methyl Isocyanate, also called MIC. Bhopal Gas Tragedy is regarded as among the most significant industrial pollution disasters.

National Pollution Control Day: Significance

As per the National Health Portal of India, each year, about 7million humans worldwide die because of air pollution, 4million of whom lost lives due to indoor air pollution.

National Pollution Control Day
National Pollution Control Day

The pollution level is so huge that nine out of ten humans worldwide do not have access to pure air. Distinctly, the contaminants present in the air are so small that they can move through mucous membranes and other protecting walls to destroy the heart, lungs, and brain.

However, to recognize this day, here are a few quotes you can share with your family and friends and encourage them to battle against pollution. You can also share these quotes on Whatsapp status, Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, etc.

By the numbers

Pollution By Numbers
Pollution By Numbers

90 billion tons – the number of resources removed from Earth annually.

7.8 billion – humans populating the planet.

5.6 billion – consumers by 2030.

4.1 billion – the number of consumers worldwide.

70% – the world’s resources are currently being misused.

2.12 billion tons – waste are dumped every year.

50 million tons – e-waste produced annually.

$7.8 trillion – the cost of the worldwide production of synthetic chemicals.

2050 – the year when the global population is thought to be too large to feed.

2070 – the year when coral reefs are thought to be left entirely.

National Pollution Control Day: Preventive Methods

National Pollution Control Day Preventive Methods
National Pollution Control Day Preventive Methods

As per the nhp.gov.in, here is a list of preventive practices that the Indian Legislation has taken, have a glance:

  • Water Act of 1974 (Control and Prevention of Pollution)
  • Water Cess Act of 1977 (Control and Prevention of Pollution)
  • Air Act of 1981 (Control and Prevention of Pollution)
  • Environment Rules of 1986 (Protection)
  • Environment Act of 1986 (Protection)
  • Bio-Medical Waste Rules of 1998 (Management & Handling)
  • Recycled Plastic Usage and Manufacture Rule of 1999
  • Ozone Depleting Substances Rules of 2000 (Regulation)
  • Noise Pollution Rules of 2000 (Regulation and Control)
  • Municipal Solid Waste Rules of 2000 (Management & Handling)
  • Batteries Rules of 2001 (Management and Handling)
  • Environment Impact Assessment Notification of 2006
  • The National Green Tribunal Act, 2010
  • Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016
  • Hazardous and Other Wastes Rules, 2016
  • Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016
  • Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016
  • E-Waste Rules, 2016 (Management)
  • Construction and Demolition Waste Management Rules, 2016

The CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board) was established in September 1974 following the Water Act of 1974 (Control and Prevention of Pollution).

Moreover, CPCB was trusted with the functions and powers following the Air Act, 1981 (Control and Prevention of Pollution). It offers technical direction to the Ministry of Forests and Climate Change, Environment, Government of India.

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