Also Known as green gold, bamboo is everywhere as it manages agricultural and city landscapes. From artifacts to sustainable construction, bamboo remains a preference as it’s quick to develop, cheap maintenance, and versatile.
World Bamboo Day is celebrated on 18th Sept. by the World Bamboo Organisation. It was formally organized at the eighth World Bamboo Congress in Bangkok in 2009.
Bamboo wanders anywhere human memory trips. Recognized as ‘poor man’s timber’, bamboo is everywhere in common cultures and city living. Rural areas engage with bamboo textiles, handicrafts, household uses, and artifacts.
- Widely popular bamboo tree houses.
- Tripura bamboo silks.
- Heritage foods with roasted and pickled bamboo shoots.
- Modern sustainable architectural concepts.
- Cultural symbols like the Assamese ‘Jaapi’ (formed of cane, bamboo, and palm).
- Musical instruments.
The World Bamboo Organization authoritatively stated the World Bamboo Day during the eighth World Bamboo Congress included in Bangkok on 18th Sept. 2009.
The World Bamboo Organization strives to make the potential of bamboo to achieve the following.
- To protect natural resources.
- To promote traditional uses of city economic growth.
- To promote new cultivation of bamboo for modern industries in the areas throughout the world.
- To ensure sustainable usage of bamboo.
The Indian government has changed the century-old Indian Forest Act to promote bamboo production and exploitation. As per the bill, bamboo has been registered under grass. Previously, it was classified as trees, limiting its exploitation from forests, particularly in the northeast.
Also, the Indian government raised the import duty of raw bamboo products. It will help domestic bamboo manufacturers such as furniture, handicrafts, and Agarbatti gets big profits.
The GoI started restructuring the National Bamboo Mission to encourage the development of the bamboo division. In 2018, the Indian government allotted USD 200 million to offer a new purpose to the bamboo sector.
India is second on the planet in the production of bamboo. China currently holds first place.
As per the NITI Aayog, bamboo sources in India can generate financial projects worth Rs 50,000 cr and create employment for lakhs of people each day, particularly in village regions. Currently, bamboo only makes an income of Rs 4,000 to Rs 5,000.
The Forest Survey of India (2011) stated that above 50% of bamboo varieties are seen in eastern India, including Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Manipur, Sikkim, Mizoram, Nagaland, West Bengal, and Tripura.
Bamboo utensils, vases, jars, fishing nets, and baskets give it a quintessential cultural ritual in the area. A traditional method known as ‘Do’o Brenga’, where chicken is made inside the bowl of fresh, raw bamboo, is famous in the northeastern parts of India.
Unexpectedly, remembering Janmashtami’s enthusiasm, the ‘Bansuri’ or Indian flute obtains its name from ‘baans’ or bamboo. The God Krishna renditions and paintings are unfinished without the ethnic replica of the musical flute.
Musical tools like Assamese’ Gogona’ practiced in Bihu dance, ‘Tirio’ (a flute created by the Santhals) of middle India, and ‘Pangsi’ (a kind of flute) crafted by the ‘Tiwa’ population in Assam are a few precious jewels composed of bamboo.
‘Khumbeu’ from Mizoram and ‘Jaapi’ from Assam are made from bamboo and are significant cultural figures from these states. ‘Jaapi’ is a cone-shaped headgear famous in Assam, which is not only an essential cultural creation but is also practiced by tea workers as umbrellas in the fields.
Furthermore, soft bamboos are often utilized for weaving earrings, neckpieces, and other pieces of jewelry.
Heritage forms from Tripura, including Tripura silks, include domestic weaving of bamboo strips after dipping them in water. Valuable by-products of this method are bamboo jewelry and earrings. The ‘Tripura Bamboo Mission’ was started to make livelihoods, culture, and economics together.