World Polio Day is seen on 24 October each year to increase awareness for polio treatment and elimination of polio. Rotary International was founded the day over a decade ago to honor the birthday of Jonas Salk, who began the first group to produce a vaccine against poliomyelitis.
The current stronghold of Poliovirus is in Pakistan and Afghanistan. Some critical difficulties stand in the way of reaching elimination, including the world epidemic.
Rotary International launched World Polio Day over ten years ago to honor the birth-anniversary of Jonas Salk, who formed a vaccine of polio. The day is observed each year on 24th October.
Live oral poliovirus vaccine and Inactivated polio disease vaccine pointed to the starting of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) in 1988.
A public-sector partnership involves Rotary, WHO, UNICEF, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the U.S. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, and nations’ governments.
Polio is a crippling and possibly fatal transmissible virus. There is no cure, but there are reliable and efficient medications. Polio can be restricted by immunization. The Polio vaccine, offered many times, nearly always preserves a kid for life.
Therefore, the policy to eradicate polio is based on blocking germs by immunizing each kid until transmission ends and the earth is free from polio.
There are two kinds of vaccines that can stop polio:
- Inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) is provided as an injection in the arm or leg, as per the patient’s age. The United States has only practiced IPV since 2000.
- Oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) is still practiced almost everywhere in the world.
Polio is caused by an RNA infection, where 85 percent of the viruses are paralytic. The Poliovirus is most usually developed in regions where there is inadequate sanitation. Contaminated water and food can also develop the virus.
People affected by the Polio disease can spread the virus from their feces. Also, close contact with the infected individuals can produce poliomyelitis.
In 2019, polio disorders were reported in Malaysia, the Philippines, Myanmar, Indonesia, China, Cameroon, Ghana, and Iran, which were primarily vaccine-derived.
According to the CDC, Pakistan and Afghanistan are the two nations that are the current stronghold of the ultimate Poliovirus. In Pakistan, the number of recorded wild polio disease cases rose in 2020.
On the other hand, on 25th August, the African countries were declared as wild Polio-free. According to the CDC, as of 7th October, there were no less than 440 cases, compared with 380 and 70 cases worldwide in 2018-19, respectively.
India was certified polio-free in Jan 2014. After three years of no reports, an achievement broadly considered to have been driven by the strong pulse polio campaign in which all kids were offered polio vaccines.
The last case due to wild Polio disease in India was reported on 13 Jan 2011.
- Polio usually affects kids below five years of age.
- 1 in 200 viruses leads to unchangeable paralysis. Among those paralyzed, 5 to 10 percent expire when their respiratory muscles become disable.
- Cases of Poliovirus have declined by above 99 percent from 1988, from an approximated 350,000 cases to 35 recorded cases in 2018.
- As long as a single kid stays infected, kids in every nation are at risk of getting polio. Failure to destroy polio from these current left strongholds could lead to approximately 200,000 new reported cases each year, within ten years, worldwide.
- The worldwide effort has increased capacities to overcome other contagious diseases by making robust monitoring and immunization policies in most nations.